E-ISSN 2146-3077
Original Article
Assessment of Entomological Remains from Soil Samples Collected from a Pig (Sus scrofa domestica) Carcass Decomposition Site after 13 Years
1 Ankara University Institute of Forensic Sciences, Ankara, Turkey  
2 University of Blida, Laboratory of Biotechnologies, Environment and Health, Faculty of Nature and Life Sciences, Blida, Algeria  
Turkiye Parazitol Derg ; : -
DOI: 10.5152/tpd.2018.5917
Key Words: Carcass, decomposition, entomofauna, forensic entomology, soil
Abstract

Objective: Carrion insects inhabiting the soil play an important role in forensic investigations because they may help to solve both active and cold cases. The aim of this study was to examine the entomofauna of forensic importance in soil samples removed after 13 years from a pig carrion decomposition site.


Methods
: Soil samples were collected from an old carrion decomposition study site in Bâla, the Ankara Province. Four holes, approximately 40 cm deep and 35 cm width were excavated at the study site. The samples were collected and placed in ventilated cups. Each cup was labeled mentioning the excavation location, time, date, and name of the collector. Insects and their remains found in the soil were collected by sweeping the soil from the specimens using a brush. The insects were morphologically identified.


Results
: A total of 635 specimens of Calliphoridae, Dermestidae, Cleridae, Staphylinidae, Histeridae, and Formicidae were identified. Flies such as Chrysomya albiceps (Wiedmann, 1819), and beetles such as Dermestes frischii (Kugelan, 1792), Necrobia rufipes (De Geer, 1775), and Creophilus maxillosus (Linnaeus, 1758), were identified as the species.


Conclusion
: Our results show that soil samples still harbor entomological specimens after 13 years. This study, to the best of our knowledge, was the first of its kind in Turkey. Forensically, important insects and their remains may be identified in the soil long time after the corpse is buried. Consequently, cold cases may be solved using insects.


Cite this article as
: Açıkgöz HN, Ilgıt EE, Taleb M. Assessment of Entomological Remains From Soil Samples Collected From a Pig (Sus scrofa domestica) Carcass Decomposition Site After 13 Years. Turkiye Parazitol Derg 2018; DOI: 10.5152/tpd.2018.5917.

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